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Under the Paris Agreement, EU countries are committed to making the EU climate-neutral by 2050. To achieve this goal, net greenhouse gas emissions in all sectors of the economy will have to be reduced by at least 55 percent compared to 1990 levels by 2030.

The transport sector, which today generates a quarter of the Union’s greenhouse gas emissions, is among those called upon to make the greatest commitment: it must undergo a transformation that will require a 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (compared to 1990 levels) by 2050.

The Sustainable Mobility (SuMo) research program aims to study the economic and social impacts of transformation and innovations in the transport sector, in particular road transport, and the coherence and effectiveness of the EU strategy with the achievement of the Paris Agreement’s climate neutrality objective.

In light of the dynamics of supply and demand and of the state of the automotive industry, the program will analyse complementary strategies to those in place (also in view of possible policy changes); it will produce scenarios on the evolution of the composition and characteristics of fleets and emissions; it will develop summary indicators to verify the consistency of current trajectories with the envisioned targets.

TOPICS (keywords):  sustainable mobility, automotive, road transport decarbonization, electro-mobility, EU CO2 vehicle regulation


  1. Which and how many cars in Italy by 2030? The project has the twofold objective of verifying the plausibility of the scenario for the diffusion of electric cars contained in the update of the Piano Nazionale Integrato Energia e Clima (PNIEC) to 2030 (4.3 million pure electric cars and 2.3 million plug-in hybrids) and of studying the mobility preferences of Italian consumers.
  2. Potential of neutral fuels for Italy (and the EU). Also using the Delphi method, the possibilities of producing, distributing, and using climate-neutral fuels in our country will be outlined. In a second phase, the focus of the survey will also be extended to other EU countries.
  3. Impacts of shared mobility and remote working. The project will focus on analysing the potential for reducing emissions from private mobility through shared mobility (low- or zero-emission bike, car, and motorbike sharing) and/or the promotion of smart working.
  4. Beware of the pedestrian. The project aims to (re)focus attention, also in terms of policy, on the weakest road user, the pedestrian, and on the advantages of pedestrian mobility, which to date seems to have little benefit from the increased attention to soft mobility.