Green Accounting Research Project – GARP
The main objective of this project is to estimate environmental impacts of economic activities on human health, crops and materials both in physical and monetary terms, extending the ExternE methodology to a wider range of pressures (and not only to the ones exerted by the energy sector).
This project, involving Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, aims:
This project uses a multi-sources version of the ECOSENSE model to evaluate the atmospheric damage.
FEEM’s tasks are:
- providing the Italian data and relevant legislation;
- compiling a literature review on evaluation of environment and natural resources in Italy;
- assessing the treatment of environmental expenditures both at the national and international level; and
- developing a methodology for the assessment of water damage.
The project is completed. Its main objective was to estimate environmental impacts of economic activities on human health, crops and materials both in physical and monetary terms, extending the ExternE methodology to a wider range of pressures (and not only to the ones exerted by the energy sector). The ExternE methodology is based on dose-response functions assessed by international experts, which are able to explain the impacts in physical terms. Subsequently, a monetary value is calculated. As an example, the damage to human health in monetary terms depends on the value of life. One of the main goals of GARP is to provide for more consistency in the bottom-up valuation of environmental impacts for the purpose of a EU-wide environmental accounting framework.
The final report includes the revision and up-date of all damage values together with a critical analysis of defensive expenditures undertaken to mitigate the effect of pollution in each of the country involved in the GARP II project. In addition, recommendations for a more consistent accounting system, specially for defensive expenditures, are provided.