Conflict of Interest in Universal Banking: Evidence from the Post-Issue Performance of IPO Firms
Oved Yosha, Hedva Ber, Yishay Yafeh
Investment banking,Universal banking,Conflict of interest,Corporate governance,Bank debt,Bank monitoring,Initial public offerings,IPO underperformance,IPO underpricing,Large shareholders,Bank underwriting,Investment funds
Economy and Society
In this paper we provide evidence that the post-issue accounting profitability of firms underwritten by bank affiliated underwriters that are also borrowers from the same bank in the IPO (Initial Public Offerings) year is significantly better than average, but that the stock price performance of these firms during the first year following the IPO is lower than average. Furthermore, the stock price performance of firms whose equity is purchased by an investment fund that is affiliated with the underwriting and lending bank is even lower. We interpret this as evidence that universal banks use their superior information regarding underwritten firms to float the cherries, not the lemons, but that the combination of bank lending, underwriting, and investment fund management results in conflict of interest. Bank managed funds pay too much for bank underwritten IPOs at the expense of the investors in the funds.