From Open to Integrated Science: Using Artificial Intelligence for Sustainability Challenges
Friday, 7th April 2023
11:00 a.m – 12:30 p.m
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei
Ferdinando Villa, Stefano Balbi, Greta Adamo
(Basque Centre for Climate Change)
The grand challenges of these times (e.g., climate change, biodiversity conservation, Sustainable Development Goals) require approaches that integrate very different knowledge, experiences, and visions. Today’s distributed corpus of human intelligence, including the scientific publication system, cannot be exploited with the efficiency needed to meet current sustainability challenges: computer-based intelligence could assist this task. The ARIES (ARtificial Intelligence for Environment & Sustainability) project sees AI, and more specifically semantics and machine reasoning, as key to solving challenges related to the integration of different dimensions. These dimensions are key to building algorithms that, by overcoming communication barriers between different researchers, decision-making contexts, disciplines, and worldviews, can be applied to solving problems of unprecedented scale and complexity. The seminar will discuss, illustrating with practical examples, some transformations on industry, society, science, technology and AI. Examples will be provided on the use of Semantics in modelling and on concrete applications of Integrated Modelling.
The speakers belong to a 25-people international group based in Bilbao, at the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3). Ferdinando Villa, a theoretical ecologist and computer scientist, has devoted his career to the development of technologies and approaches to knowledge integration; Stefano Balbi, an economist and multi-agent systems researcher, coordinates the modelling activities in the ARIES project; Greta Adamo, a theoretical and computer science philosopher, coordinates the ontological and linguistic dimensions of a project that emphasizes semantics, before technology, as the key to achieving the integrated and universal knowledge that can enable us to address the grand challenges of the 21st Century.
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