Migrants’ transfers and educational expenditure: empirical evidence from Albania
The present paper analyses the consumption behaviour of Albanian families. The objective is to cast some light upon the relationship between education expenditure and the volume of remittances, sent internally and from abroad by household members. To assess the existence of an education enhancing effect of remittances, an Engel curve framework is employed, where heterogeneity in interests or in bargaining power among the members within the households is assumed. The empirical estimation accounts for the censored nature of the education consumption through using Tobit, Heckman two-step as well as a semiparametric model for sample selection. Finally, quintile regression analysis is employed to investigate whether migrants’ remittances have a differentiated effect on various quantiles of the conditional distribution of the education consumption.