FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro" series
2009 .088

SMEs in Argentina: Who are the Exporters


Authors: Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Christian Volpe Martincus
Series: Economy and Society
Editor: Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Type: Journal
JEL n.: F10, F14, D21, L60
JEL: Small Business Economics
Pages: pp.1-29
Date: 11/2009

Abstract

There exists a growing body of literature which looks at export decisions made by firms. Most studies focus on developed countries and do not explore whether different behavioral patterns prevail over the firm size distribution. This paper aims at filling this gap in the literature by analyzing the export behavior of a statistically representative sample of 192 Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs) in a developing country, Argentina, over the period 1996-1998. We find that the level of employment, sourcing from abroad, investment in product improvement and average productivity are associated with a higher probability of exporting. Training activities for employees are important to export outside of MERCOSUR.

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