FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro"
2015 .106
Date : 23/11/2015

Second-Best Analysis of European Energy Policy: Is One Bird in the Hand Worth Two in the Bush?

Authors :

Michael Hübler (Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade - Leibniz Universität Hannover); Oliver Schenker (Centre for European Economic Research ZEW); Carolyn Fischer (Resources for the Future RFF)

JEL n. : C61, O33, Q48, Q54, Q55
Keywords : Second-best, Climate Policy, Energy Policy, Feed-in tariff, Power Sector, EU


This paper studies policy instruments that correct insufficient learning-by-doing (LbD) and research and development (R&D) of renewable electricity technologies and insufficient investments in energy efficiency (EE) in the presence of carbon pricing. The theoretical model analysis shows how to re-adjust the first-best in second-best situations, in which one of the policy instruments is restricted. Calibrated to the European power sector, the first-best choice of all instruments reduces the climate policy cost by one third. Feed-in tariffs turn out to be good substitutes for LbD, but not for R&D or EE subsidies.


Suggested citation: Hübler, M., O. Schenker, C. Fischer, 'Second-Best Analysis of European Energy Policy: Is One Bird in the Hand Worth Two in the Bush?', Nota di Lavoro 106.2015, Milan, Italy: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

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