New sources of competitiveness in the global economy

The competitiveness of regions, firms and industries in the global economy crucially depends on the ways economic activities are reorganizing worldwide. The aim of this research topic is to study the evolution of global production networks to global innovation networks, including the role and strategies of enterprises, university research centres, governments or formal and informal institutions in order to assess the impact and implications for growth and competitiveness.

The competitiveness of regions, firms and industries in the global economy crucially depends on the ways economic activities are reorganizing worldwide. The aim of this research topic is to study the evolution of Global Production Networks to Global Innovation Networks, including the role and strategies of enterprises, university research centres, governments or formal and informal institutions in order to assess the impact and implications for growth and competitiveness.

What is the impact of globalisation and the rapid growth of emerging economies on the competitiveness and the strategies of European Union firms, industries and regions? This question is addressed along two key dimensions.

First, the performance of EU firms in international markets is investigated through the analysis of firm-level datasets. Cross-country analyses are conducted to gather firm-level data and to aggregate them so as to recover the behaviour of industry-level variables.

Second, the challenges and the opportunities brought to EU firms by emerging markets are investigated with an emphasis on the evolution of global production networks into global innovation networks and its impact on knowledge-intensive activities in the EU. Special attention is devoted to the possible conflicts that the formation of global innovation networks may carry among countries over delicate issues such as brain drain, de-skilling, and job losses.

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