FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro" series
2000 .025

Sustainable Growth and Environmental Policies


Authors: Santiago J. Rubio
Series: Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Editor: Carlo Carraro
Type: Journal
Keywords: sustainable growth,external effects,Pigouvian taxes,emission standards
JEL n.: H23,O41,Q28
JEL: Ekonomiaz
Pages: 49: 14-35
Date: 2002

Abstract

A model of ecologically sustainable endogenous growth is presented, in which environmental quality has a positive influence on individual welfare and on the productivity of capital. The effect of different environmental policies on the long-run growth of the economy is studied in the framework of this model. The results establish that an optimal policy which taxes production and subsidises pollution abatement has a favourable effect on environmental quality, and could increase the growth rate if the positive external effects of the environment on the productivity are important. Furthermore, it is shown that this kind of environmental policy is neutral in budgetary terms, i.e. tax receipts are equal to subsidies. Finally, it is demonstrated that a policy based on emission control will only have a positive effect on the growth rate if the initial level of environmental quality is sufficiently low.
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