FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro"
Date: 2013

Nautical Tourism, Carrying Capacity and Environmental Externality in the Lagoon of Marano and Grado

Authors: Francesco Silvestri, Stefano Ghinoi, Vincenzo Barone
Type: Journal
JEL n.: Q01, Q26, Q57
JEL: Forthcoming in Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment
Pages: Issue 3, 2013
Keywords: Tourism Carrying Capacity, Nature conservation, Externalities, Empirical studies


Tourism and environmental preservation are often conflicting activities, mainly in areas such as coastal lagoons, where seaside mass-tourism comes into contact with a very sensitive ecological system. In this paper we deal with a classical problem of both environmental and tourism economics, the internalization of environmental costs of tourism, focusing on the nautical fruition of the Lagoon of Marano and Grado (North-Eastern Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region). Using different instruments, both theoretical (Carrying Capacity framework, Polluter-Payer principle, Coase compensation) and empirical (Cluster analysis, Log-log regression, Forecasting model, cost and benefit calculation through actual market values), we get the result that a standard Coasian equilibrium (unit external cost equal to unit private benefit) doesn’t hold, and a higher coverage of the local berths endowment (i. e. a higher vessels transit in the Lagoon) is more effective for nature conservation than a tempered fruition. Another interesting result is that the best available solution to internalize environmental externality is a mixed one, comprehensive of a command and control rule (a speed-limit prescription), and a compensation scheme.


Suggested citation: Silvestri, F., S. Ghinoi,  V. Barone (2013), ‘Nautical Tourism, Carrying Capacity and Environmental Externality in the Lagoon of Marano and Grado’, Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment, Issue 3,2013.

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