FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro" series
2015 .025

Greening Up or Not? The Determinants Political Parties’ Environmental Concern: An Empirical Analysis Based on European Data (1970-2008)


Authors: Benjamin Michallet, Giuseppe Lucio Gaeta, François Facchini
Series: Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Editor: Carlo Carraro
Keywords: Environmental Concern, Environmental Attitudes, Political Parties, Electoral Manifestos
JEL n.: Q58, D78, Z13

Abstract

Why do parties offer environmental policies in their political programs? While a number of papers examine the determinants of citizens’ pro-environmental behaviour, we know little about the extent to which political parties adjust their platform towards environmentalism. We investigate this process through data provided by the Manifesto Project Dataset (CMP) for 20 European countries over the period 1970-2008. Following the literature on public concern towards environment, we examine economic, environmental and political determinants. Our findings provide evidence that political parties’ environmental concern is strongly correlated with their political ideology and with country-level economic conditions.

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Suggested citation: Michallet, B., G. L. Gaeta, F. Facchini, (2015), 'Greening Up or Not? The Determinants Political Parties’ Environmental Concern: An Empirical Analysis Based on European Data (1970-2008)', Nota di Lavoro 25.2015, Milan, Italy: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

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