FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro"
2017.020
Date: 3/4/2017

Export Tariffs Combined with Public Investments as a Forest Conservation Policy Instrument


Authors:
Gregor Schwerhoff (Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change); Johanna Wehkamp (Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change, Technical University of Berlin)
JEL n.: O24, Q17, Q23, Q24, Q56
Keywords: Deforestation, REDD+, Export Tariffs, Public Investments, Two Sector Competing Land Use Model

Abstract

The forest conservation policy instrument REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) is designed to compensate governments of tropical countries for their efforts to conserve forests. Food insecure countries that are specialized in agriculture and have weak institutions, are likely to face difficulties to enforce forest conservation. This article explores how far export tariffs on agricultural goods combined with public investments, could be used as a forest conservation policy mix in such contexts. We first show empirically that structural constraints to forest conservation policies are particularly pronounced in one third of countries where REDD+ programs are planned to be rolled out. We then develop a two sector competing land use model with a domestic food producing and an exporting agricultural sector. We show that it is possible to combine export tariffs with public investments such that deforestation decreases, while agricultural production levels and food prices remain constant.

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Suggested citation: Schwerhoff, G., J. Wehkamp, (2017), 'Export Tariffs Combined with Public Investments as a Forest Conservation Policy Instrument', Nota di Lavoro 20.2017, Milan, Italy: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

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