Seminars & webinars
17 March, 2022

Online seminar | Asymmetric Response of Carbon Emissions to Recessions and Expansions and Oil Market Shocks


Where: online
Location:

GoToWebinar

Event's Timetable:

March 17th, 2022 - h 10.30 AM CET

Information:

to participate please register here

Speaker:

Prof. David Stern
Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University

introduced by

Prof. Sergio Vergalli
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, University of Brescia, IAERE

Abstract

The 2020 COVID-19 driven recession saw a sharp drop in carbon dioxide emissions as transportation and some other energy uses were curtailed. This was an unusual recession as it was driven by a pandemic. Previous research shows that when GDP declines carbon emissions fall faster relative to GDP than they rise in economic booms. Using monthly US data, we examine each individual recession in the US since 1973 finding that there is an asymmetric response in the 1973-5, 1980, 1990, and 2020 recessions but not in the 1981-2, 2001, or 2008-9 recessions. The former four recessions are associated with negative oil market shocks. In the first three there was a supply shock and in 2020 a demand shock. Changes in oil consumption that are not explained by changes in GDP explain these asymmetries. Furthermore, the asymmetries are due to emissions in the transport and industrial sectors, which are the main consumers of oil. We conclude that emissions behaved in 2020 similarly to the way they did in recessions associated with oil supply shocks, but actually this pattern is not inherent to the business cycle itself.

Online seminar | Asymmetric Response of Carbon Emissions to Recessions and Expansions and Oil Market Shocks

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