Enrico Mattei

FEEM is entitled to Enrico Mattei, the founder of Eni and an economic leader in the national industrial system and international relations of the post-war period.

Born in Acqualagna (Pesaro) on April 29, 1906, Enrico Mattei became one of the leaders of the antifascist resistance movement in Northern Italy during World War II. After the peace declaration in 1945, Mattei was appointed by the government bankruptcy trustee of the distressed state-owned oil company Agip.

Instead of liquidating the company, Mattei successfully developed its business, starting an involvement with energy markets lasting 18 years. The unexpected discovery of natural gas in the Po Valley, the development of the business of extracting and marketing it, and his dedication to promoting legislation to regulate domestic energy markets constitute the most salient aspects of Mattei’s early activities. In 1953, he was appointed Chairman of Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Eni), the state-owned energy company that he forcefully wanted and contributed to establish.

Mattei led the Eni group combining vision with pragmatism: the new terms of association offered to oil producing countries, the measures taken to contain the final energy prices to consumers, the launch of a large and modern domestic petrochemical and nuclear industry, the off-shoring of qualified engineering expertise to operations abroad, the focus on research, innovation and meritocracy witness his managerial skills, combined with a genuine commitment to economic and social progress.

During the expansion phase in Eni’s history, Mattei died tragically in an aircraft crash on October 27, 1962 in the skies of Bascapè (Pavia). The key role he had assigned to culture, research, and cooperation represent the most valuable legacy for the Foundation that carries his name.

Passion, strategic vision and innovation: Enrico Mattei's legacy has allowed eni to become the world's sixth largest oil & gas company and to play a leading role in the energy industry.

His way of thinking was visionary to the point of transforming a defeated agricultural country into an advanced industrial nation with a profitable state-owned energy sector, mobilizing the political system and involving different actors of the civil society.

Mattei was one of the first Italians to develop a frontier business mentality and a genuine respect for other cultures. He also strongly believed that investing in young people was a key element for development, especially focusing on excellence in education, training and research for future solutions.

Mattei's most valuable heritage for FEEM is the ability to imagine the future. Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei aims at keeping this ability alive to meet today and tomorrow's challenges, renewing on a daily basis its commitment to research, support to policy and to the civil society.

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Enrico Mattei
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The centenary of Mattei's birth Il centenario della nascita di Mattei

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